First detection of deformed wing virus in Xylocopa augusti larvae (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Argentina

Written by
Journal of Apicultural Research

Vol. 53 (4) pp. 466-468
DOI

10.3896/IBRA.1.53.4.11
Date

September 2014
Article Title

First detection of deformed wing virus in Xylocopa augusti larvae (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Argentina
Author(s)

Mariano Lucia, Francisco J Reynaldi, Guillermo H Sguazza and Alberto H Abrahamovich
Abstract

Bees play an important role as pollinators of wild and cultivated plants, pollinating approximately 70 % to 80 % of the crops (Nabhan and Buchmann, 1997). The genus Xylocopa Latreille (Apidae: Xylocopini) comprises approximately 470 described species which are distributed worldwide, most occurring in tropical and subtropical areas (Michener, 2007). These bees are commonly known as carpenter bees because they build nests in dead wood, hollow internodes of bamboo stems, culms of herbaceous plants and structural timbers (Hurd and Moure, 1963). In general, the internal structure of the nests can be branched or linear, according to the nesting substrate, and with a single entrance connected to a system of tunnels. The brood is reared in individual and isolated cells until adult emergence. The female builds a linear series of cells throughout tunnels, each provisioned with a mixture of pollen and nectar (“bee bread”), then places the egg
above the mass and finally, closes the cell with a partition made of a mixture of sawdust and saliva.


Keywords

large carpenter bee, pollinators, South America, viruses, pathogens
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