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Relative attractiveness of queen mandibular pheromone components to honey bee (Apis mellifera) drones

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Journal of Apicultural Research
Vol. 35 (3-4) pp.122-123
Date
December 1996
 
Article Title

Relative attractiveness of queen mandibular pheromone components to honey bee (Apis mellifera) drones

Author(s)

Gerald M Loper; Orley R Taylor, Jr; Leonard J Foster; Jan Kochansky

Abstract
Queen honey bees produce a mixture of pheromones whose functions are still incompletely understood. A total of five queen mandibular gland pheromone (QMP) chemicals have been identified; 9-keto-2(E) decenoic acid (9-ODA) is the most abundant and appears to be the most biologically active, although the other chemicals have varying effects on worker development, behaviour and response (Slessor et al., 1990). The proportions of these chemicals, especially 9-ODA and 4- hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylethanol (HDA), change as the virgin queens age and after they mate (Pankiw et al., 1996). 9-ODA also serves to attract flying drones to queens on mating flights even though drones are unresponsive to queens while in the nest
Keywords

honey bee queens, drones, Apis mellifera, mating, attractants, queen pheromones, mandibular glands, trans-9-oxo-2-decanoic acid, 4-hydroxy-3- methoxyphenylethanol, methyl para hydroxybenzoate, homovanillyl alcohol

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