Standard methods for wax moth research

publication date: Jan 29, 2013
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Journal of Apicultural Research Vol. 52 (1)
DOI 10.3896/IBRA.
Date January 2013
Article Title



Standard methods for wax moth research


James D Ellis, Jason R Graham and Ashley Mortensen


Greater (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae, Galleria mellonella) and Lesser (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae, Achroia grisella) wax moths are ubiquitous pests of honey bee colonies globally. The economic importance of wax moths has led to a number of investigations on wax moth life history, biology, behaviour, ecology, molecular biology, physiology, and control. Despite the importance of wax moths to the apicultural industry, they are investigated considerably more as a model organism for studies in insect physiology, genomics, proteomics, etc. Those studying wax moths from an apicultural perspective typically use only a small number of the total available research methods outlined in the literature. Herein, we describe methods associated with wax moth research that we feel are important from an apicultural research perspective. Ultimately, we hope that this paper will revitalize research on wax moths, since they remain both an important honey bee colony pest and an interesting colony symbiont.




wax moth, Galleria mellonella, Achroia grisella, rearing, identification, control, BEEBOOK, COLOSS, honey bee


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